Nursing theories are sets of interrelated concepts, models, definitions,
and propositions, that are obtained through deductive reasoning and also
inductive reasoning, and based on assumptions. They are used for assessing
patient conditions using the specific methods contained within the nursing
theory, to help identify patient needs.
These theories are selected to match with patient needs and will be
applied to help solve identified problems faced by the patient. They
are used to help ensure effective interaction and communication between
nurse and patient. They are organized and systematic articulations of
set statements that relate to questions faced within the nursing discipline.
A useful nursing theory will make assumptions concerning health
problems, environment, behaviors, and target populations, that are
logical, consistent, research supported, and similar to ones that
have proven to be successful in previous programs.
Nursing theories are important because they are defining mechanisms
that predict, describe, and explain what is the practice of nursing.
They are foundational to nursing, helping to accumulate further
knowledge and give indications of what direction nursing should
take to develop into the future. It helps us to both decide what
it is we already know, and understand what we 'need' to know.
In practice, nursing theories help nurses by describing, explaining,
and predicting everyday experiences. This serves to guide nurses in
their assessments, interventions, and evaluations of nursing care.
It provides a criteria by which nursing care quality can be measured.
Nursing Theory Role in Nursing Clinicals
Theory has a role within clinical nursing practice. It is used
generally to shape and undergird the way nursing is practiced irregardless
of the clinical situation. It is a platform at the base level for
foundation-building. It provides basic orientations, commitments,
and attitudes in regard to one's practice.
In nursing clinicals theories are used for responding to the requirements
of certain clinical situations involved with nursing practice. They
serve as the second level of action-formulation. They give specific
ways of implementing nursing practice and fitting it into the unique
requirements demanded in specific clinical situations.
Applying Nursing Theory to Practice Via Clinical Supervison
Effective mentorship is a crucial part of ensuring high quality nursing
care. It helps to facilitate the positive development of health care
workers, while ensuring patient safety. Professional development is
the result of a partnership between mentor and support worker.
Nurses must utilize their mentorships skills in delivering one-on-one,
formal and in-formal supervision, to their support workers to facilitate
professional maturity. This allows support workers to actually apply
their theory to practice, which also encourages them to test out new
skills within a safe environment with support. Successful mentors
seek to develop their staff as they work alongside team members
and perform in a coaching and mentoring role.
Mentors need to strive to create an appropriate learning environment,
utilize relevant resources, and deliver a desirable level of guidance
and support that is structured, and that promotes professional
development and growth. Individual support workers must interact
with their mentors in ways that suggest their readiness to learn.
They must show they are motivated and have an attitude bent toward
acquiring nursing knowledge. Workplace learning, or nursing clinicals,
through coaching, mentorship, and supervision that is structured,
needs to be seen as a vital strategy for the future, for bridging
the gap between theory and practice.
Nursing Training Model
The training model today for healthcare workers is based on the
traditional teaching strategies that utilize a broad range of presentation
skills. It comes with significant limitations due to its didactic and
passive teaching methods. The training is facilitated within group
learning environments, leaving small consideration for group dynamics,
intellectual Capability Range
individual Learning Styles
and the training philosophy behind it is based crudely on mere
supply and demand, or meeting targets, while ensuring compliance
with all the legal frameworks laid down for mandatory training
programs. There is a low emphasis being placed on the work-based
mentorship and supervision practice, with limited follow-ups on
training courses to verify that knowledge is actually being applied
Successful Application of Nursing Theory to Clinical Practice
There are a few ways for assessing the successful application of
nursing theory into practice which benefit qualified nurses. They
decrease levels of sickness
anatomy and Phsiology - general and advanced
and these things will be evidence that mentorship was successful
in leading to a more highly skilled and competent workforce, that
will in turn improve the clinical outcomes in ways like delivering
increasing quality of care, more effective intervention, and less
clinical risk to clients.
The correlation between having effective mentorship and the right
motivation is clear. Those workers who experience success rather
than failure will naturally have more positive self-concepts and
trust for their own abilities. Therefore, they will be willing to
assume more responsibility for the results they deliver, be more
persistent, and put forth more effort. This breeds a more positive
attitude toward acquiring knowledge and subsequently to applying
theory to practice.